Hyperlipidemia in the general population has been linked to the development of chronic kidney disease with both oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum stress implicated. Physiological levels (50-300 micromol/L) of saturated fatty acids such as palmitic acid (PA) cause cytotoxicity in vitro. We investigated cell type- and stimulus-specific signaling pathways induced by PA in renal proximal tubular cells and whether oxidative stress leads to ER stress or vice versa and which pathways predominate in signaling for PA-induced apoptosis and necrosis. NRK-52E cells were incubated with PA or hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) combined with SP600125 which blocks c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation; salubrinal, which maintains eukaryotic initiation factor 2 alpha in its phosphorylated state and the antioxidant EUK-134 – a superoxide dismutase mimetic with catalase activity. We found that (i) PA causes both oxidative and ER stress leading to apoptosis which is mediated by phosphorylated JNK; (ii) oxidant-induced apoptosis generated by H(2)O(2) involves ER stress signaling and CHOP expression; (iii) the ER stress mediated by PA is largely independent of oxidative stress; (iv) in contrast, the apoptosis produced by PA is mediated partly via oxidative stress. PA-mediated cell signaling in renal NRK-52E cells therefore differs from that identified in neuronal, hepatic and pancreatic beta cells.
Σύνδεσμος PubMed: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20363316
Katsoulieris, E.; et al.art16katsoulieris2010